• Nguyen Duy Tan Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
Keywords: Security threats, Routing Protocols, AODV, MANET, Black hole attack, Network Simulator


Security is one of the most important problems in Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANETs) because of dynamically changing topologies, without centralized coordination system and bandwidth constraint. There are different types of attack such as Denial of service (DoS), wormhole, replay, masquerade, black hole etc. The goal of attacks is usually to disrupt the operation of the network or to affect the network performance. In this paper, we measured multiple black hole attacks simultaneously in Network Simulator 2 (NS2) in terms of throughput, energy efficiency and data packet delivery. We also proposed a simple solution for detection and avoidance black hole attacks. Our simulation results show that the more attackable nodes in network simultaneously, the lower the energy efficiency network performance and if AODV routing protocol with detection and avoidance mechanism (dam) of black hole attack nodes is deployed in network, the performance of network can be better about 35% in comparison AODV without avoidance.


Fan-Hsun Tseng, Li-Der Chou and Han-Chieh Chao, “A survey of black hole attacks in wireless mobile ad hoc networks”, Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences, 2011, vol 1, pp 1-16.

Garima Neekhra, Sharda Patel, Ashok Verma, Ashish Chaurasia, “Effect Of Grayhole Attack With Ids Technique For Aodv Routing Protocol Using Network Simulator”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET), December 2014, vol 3, pp 4184- 4190.

K.Madhuri, N.Kasi Viswanath, P.Usha Gayatri, “Performance Evaluation of AODV under Black Hole Attack in MANET using NS2”, International Conference on ICT in Business Industry Government (ICTBIG), November 2016, pp 1-3.

Kriti Chadha and Sushma Jain, “ Impact Of Black Hole And Gray Hole Attack In AODV Protocol”, IEEE International Conference on Recent Advances and Innovations in Engineering (ICRAIE), May 2014, pp 1-7.

Mehdi Medadian, M.H. Yektaie, A.M Rahmani, “Combat with Black Hole Attack in AODV routing protocol in MANET”, First Asian Himalayas International Conference on Internet, November 2009, pp 1-5.

Padmalaya Nayak, V. Bhavani and B. Lavanya, “Impact of Black Hole and Sink Hole Attacks on Routing Protocols for WSN”, International Journal of Computer Applications, April 2015, vol 116, pp 42-46.

Semih Dokurer, Y. M. Erten and Can Erkin Acar, “Performance analysis of ad-hoc networks under black hole attacks”, IEEE SoutheastCon Proceedings, March, 2007, pp 148-153.

T.Sairam Vamsi, E.R. Praveen Kumar, T.Sruthi, “Performance Analysis of Aodv Routing Protocol in Manet under Blackhole Attack”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, May 2019, vol. 9, pp 58-63.

Yatin Chauhan, Jaikaran Singh, Mukesh Tiwari, Anubhuti Khare, “Performance Evaluation of AODV based on black hole attack in ad hoc network”, Global Journal of researches in engineering Electrical and electronics engineering, February 2012, Vol. 12, pp 43-47.

VINT Project, “The network simulator - NS2,” (accessed: Sep 5, 2019), 1997.

Elbasher Elmahdi, Seong-Moo Yoo and Kumar Sharshembiev, “Securing Data Forwarding against Blackhole Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Jan. 2018, pp 463-467.

How to Cite
Nguyen Duy Tan. (2020). DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE MECHANISM OF BLACK HOLE ATTACK ON AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MANET USING NS2. UTEHY Journal of Science and Technology, 27, 40-46. Retrieved from