• Vu Khanh Quy Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
  • Pham Minh Chuan Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
  • Vi Hoai Nam Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
  • Dao Manh Linh Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
Keywords: AODV, DSR, Routing Protocol, Multi Metric, MANET


With the development of mobile communication systems, Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) has been focus research and deployed in many domains server human life such as smart agriculture, smart retail, healthcare, and smart cities. Due to the natural mobility of network nodes in a MANET environment, the performance system is low and depend on routing protocols. Therefore, In order to more contribution to the next-generation network, these routing protocols should be more flexible, saving energy, and performance achievable. In this paper, we propose a multi-metric on-demand routing protocol based on three parameters: queue length, route quality, and hops number to improve the MANET performance. Base on the working conditions of the network system. One or more routing metrics will be integrated into the cost function. Besides, we also performance evaluation of the MM-AODV compared with traditional routing protocols such as AODV and DSR. Simulation results show that MM-AODV protocol improves in terms of the packet delivery ratio, time delay, and throughput better than DSR and AODV routing protocols.


Quy Vu Khanh, Nam Vi Hoai, Linh Dao Manh, “A Survey of State-of-the-Art Energy Efficiency Routing Protocols for MANET,” International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 2020, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 215-226.

M. Ahmad, A. Hameed, A. A. Ikram and I. Wahid, “State-of-the-Art Clustering Schemes in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Objectives, Challenges, and Future Directions,” IEEE Access, 2019, vol. 7, pp. 17067-17081.

D. Shumeye Lakew et al., “Routing in Flying Ad Hoc Networks: A Comprehensive Survey,” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 2020, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1071-1120.

Quy V. K., Ban N. T., Nam V. H., Tuan D. M, Han N. D., “Survey of Recent Routing Metrics and Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” J. of Communications, 2019, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 110-120.

O. S. Oubbati, M. Atiquzzaman et al., “Routing in Flying Ad Hoc Networks: Survey, Constraints, and Future Challenge Perspectives,” IEEE Access, 2019, vol. 7, pp. 81057-81105.

J. Jung, H. Choi and J. Lee, “Survey of Bio-Inspired Resource Allocation Algorithms and MAC Protocol Design Based on a Bio-Inspired Algorithm for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, 2018, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 119-127.

M. El-Semary and H. Diab, “BP-AODV: Blackhole Protected AODV Routing Protocol for MANETs Based on Chaotic Map,” in IEEE Access, 2019, vol. 7, pp. 95197-95211.

Z. Chen, W. Zhou, S. Wu and L. Cheng, “An Adaptive on-Demand Multipath Routing Protocol With QoS Support for High-Speed MANET, IEEE Access, 2020, vol. 8, pp. 44760-44773.

R. Shenbagapriya and N. Kumar, “A survey on proactive routing protocols in MANETs,” 2014 Inter. Conf. on Science Engineering and Management Research (ICSEMR), 2014, pp. 1-7.

Daxesh N. Patel et al., “A Survey of Reactive Routing Protocols in MANET,” 2014 Inter. Conference (ICICES), IEEE, 2014, pp. 1-6.

RFC3561, https://www.ietf.org, accessed, Oct. 05, 2020.

RFC4728, https://www.ietf.org, accessed, Oct. 05, 2020.

A. M. Mezher and M. A. Igartua, “Multimedia Multimetric Map-Aware Routing Protocol to Send Video-Reporting Messages Over VANETs in Smart Cities,” in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2017, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 10611-10625; doi: 10.1109/TVT.2017.2715719.

D. Lin, J. Kang, A. Squicciarini, Y. Wu, S. Gurung and O. Tonguz, “MoZo: A Moving Zone Based Routing Protocol Using Pure V2V Communication in VANETs,” in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2017, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1357-1370; DOI: 10.1109/TMC.2016.2592915.

C. T. Cuong, V. T. Tu and N. T. Hai, “MAR-AODV: Innovative Routing Algorithm in MANET Based on Mobile Agent,” 2013 27th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, Barcelona, 2013, pp. 62-66; doi: 10.1109/WAINA.2013.175.

Geetha N., Sankar A., “Hop Count Based Energy Saving Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Network,” in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 2012, Vol. 108, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Le Ngoc Hung and Vu Khanh Quy, “A Review: Performance Improvement Routing Protocols for MANETs,” Journal of Communications, 2020, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 439-446.

Quy V.K., Ban N.T., Han N.D., “A Multi-metric Routing Protocol to Improve the Achievable Performance of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” in Sieminski A., Kozierkiewicz A., Nunez M., Ha Q. (eds) Modern Approaches for Intelligent Information and Database Systems. Studies in Computational Intelligence, 2018, vol 769. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76081-0_38.

How to Cite
Vu Khanh Quy, Pham Minh Chuan, Vi Hoai Nam, & Dao Manh Linh. (2020). A HIGH-PERFORMANCE ROUTING PROTOCOL BASED ON MULTI-METRIC FOR MANET. UTEHY Journal of Science and Technology, 27, 34-39. Retrieved from http://tapchi.utehy.edu.vn/index.php/jst/article/view/386